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  FOX News    Americas News HQ    News/Business.  
   Analysis of the day's news.  

    March 13, 2011
    12:00 - 2:00pm EDT  

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>> jamie: at this hour we are getting word from japan there could be a third nuclear plant in trouble there. sources are saying that the american committee in japan is reporting update that the plan may have similar plants to explosion from yesterday, partial meltdown. keep it on fox. we'll send it to washington now have a good day. >> shannon: i'm shannon bream live in washington. we begin america's news headquarters with the fox news alert. japan is reeling from what he is calling the worst crisis since world war ii. the threat of nuclear disaster is growing as they try to avert multiple meltdown in nuclear reactors. thousands are dead from the earthquake and the tsunami it caused and more than a million people are without food, clean water and electricity. we have team coverage from the epicenter of thedy sast to the
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u.s. greg, what is the latest? >> a cold dark night here in the fishing village and the folks probably went to bed thinking of what the prime minister had to say. he told them it would take determination to get them through this. just up the coast, the nuclear complex with so much problems in the past couple of days, today, another reactor facing the possibility of a meltdown. they say they are in control of the situation. but the evacuation from the region around the reactors continues and the possibility of poisoning from radioactivity also going forward. dozens are testing positive for that. now to the number. there is one official here, in one region who said yesterday that 10,000 people were
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missing. now he is saying he feels that 10,000 people are dead in his region alone. that may add to the figure. we traveled today and we notice shortages are a problem. of food, of fuel and power in this village, of everything people need to get by. that is why relief is rushing to this area. today, japanese military says they will put 100,000 soldiers in the mix. and the u.s. in the mix today, too. announcing 20 helicopter relief flights flown off of the uss ronald reagan aircraft carrier, off the coast from where we are now. in this town today, we watched people doing it for themselves, taking boats, cars, trucks off the street. on the main thoroughfare due
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to tsunami hit on friday, trying to get back to normal. it will take a long time. back to you. >> thank you for bringing that to us from the front line. we appreciate it. >> shannon: with the threat of multiple meltdown looming at nuclear reactor in japan, here is some context. japan has 55 reactors across 17 complexes nationwide providing 25% of the country electricity. six reactors are under state of emergency. three at the fukushima dai-ichi power plant and three at another nearby complex. they fear partial meltdown at site three of the fukushima dai-ichi. they have rejected to inject sea water in to it to try to cool it down. they did it yesterday to unit one. a complete meltdown would occur and could release dangerous contaminant in the environment and pose major
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widespread health risks. take a look at these. these are photos of the fukushima dai-ichi nuclear power plant. taken before and after the earthquake. the damaged building is unit or reactor one. this is what it looked like after a hydrogen explosion yesterday blew off the roof. the crisis in japan has people wondering how did the nuclear power plants work? peter doocy joins with us answers. >> there are 442 nuclear reactors operating in the world right now. 55 as you said are in japan. six of those have had problems since the earthquake and tsunami this week. this is what it looks like now. making the nuclear science as simple as possible for you. you can see the explosion happened in the secondary containment area. at this point in time, the primary containment area is intact, which is good. historical con tex, the iaea uses a seven-level scale to grade severity of nuclear event. level one is just anomaly.
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seven is a major accident. chernobyl was a seven. right now, the situation in japan is a four, accident with local consequences. but it could become a five or level of three-mile island or worse. >> the fuel rods could fuse together, and temperatures could get hot to melt together to radioactive molten mass that bursts through the containment mechanism and expose to outside. some of the radioactivity could carry to west coast of the united states. >> one-fifth of the electricity in the united states comes from the nuclear power. the u.s. regulatory commission say you shouldn't be concerned because all u.s. power plants were built to take into account the most severe natural disasters estimated
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for the site and the surrounding area. >> shannon: we'll talk to experts about that coming up. thank you very much. we are joined by two members of the house energy and commerce committee to get their take on the nuclear power in u.s. in the wake of the tragedy. thank you very much. congressman greenie with me in studio in washington and congressman frank joining us from new york. welcome to you both. >> good to see you. >> shannon: congressman, start with you in the studio. what do you think will be the impact. nuclear was getting support in the u.s. president talking about billions in in the industry. what happens now? >> i think we should go forward. the nuclear disaster withstood 9.1 richter scale earthquake and tsunami. though there was an hydrogen explosion in outer containment, the inner containment building is
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secure. it remains to be seen. we have to watch this evolve. the biggest tragedy is tens of thousands who were probably lost because of the earthquake and tsunami. if you go back to three mile island in 1986, it was a level five. there was no loss of life. that was a nuclear meltdown. the amount of radiation released was minimal, about a year from what you get in normal amount of time in background radiation. i think peter gave a great report. american people are doing that but this is not the time to shut down generating electricity from nuclear power. we are only doing 25%. we need 35%. >> shannon: congressman, do you agree? what is your outlook? >> i think there has to be nuclear power, it those be a mix as an alternative to the oil and gas production.
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but you have to be safety conscious. one plant was one of the oldest online in japan in the u.s., we have state-of-the-art in terms of the safety precautions and we have older plants. this will result in the older plants to see if they should continue. i agree we have to have nuclear power in the mix. >> shannon: the head of the nuclear regulatory commission is scheduled to testify before the economy this week. what questions will you have for him? >> we want to know the two from the commission that went to japan.
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i mentioned the situation in 1976 -- i guess it was 1978, three mile island, pennsylvania. there was operator error involved in that. frank is right in regard to the 40-year-old plant. we need to make sure that we are updating and upgrading and constantly looking for safer facilities. think about chernobyl in 1986. that reactor had no containment video whatsoever. 275 people lost their lives. today in the ukraine, 50% of their power is nuclear and they have 19 reactors. none of the type that led to the meltdown in 1986. >> shannon: congressman, there are people who are critical of use of nuclear power. they have worries about it. do you feel they may point to the tragedy and say it's not right for the u.s.? >> i'm sure it will happen.
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it's important that we take a step back and say okay, what is going on here. make sure our plans are safe and we don't have a problem. make sure we don't have a problem like this if we can avoid it. this also raises the issue of the alternative energy sources. we need to encourage solar and wind power and other sources as well. it shouldn't just be nuclear. it all has to be part of the mix. >> congressman, we thank you for your time today. >> this is great to be with you. >> shannon: phrasaled americans in japan at the time of the earthquake are starting to return home back to the u.s. the first group arrived arrivedn hawaii yesterday and say this was a scary experience. >> we went in buildings where glass was everywhere.
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>> shaking so hard it fell off the wall. fragile things were falling off. it's building across the street from us and the cranes looked like they were flags. >> shannon: there are 160,000 americans visiting japan or working there. we know that the state department is rushing to get to them and we'll give you updates when we get them. this had long-term effect on the island the earth. meteorologist rick reichmuth is in the weather center to explain. >> shockingly, if you get earthquake this strong it has impact on the earth. the entire earth.
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the coastline moved by ten feet and fed up the rotation of the earth by 1/100 of a second. one micro second is what they call it. we saw this from six micro seconds from tsunami. this is what we look at for the forecast. 62-degrees for monday in this area. that's great news for the epicenter, those doing clean-up, search and rescue. it will cool down tuesday and wednesday. wednesday looking at snow flying. winds are important as we talk about potential radiation leakage in the nuclear facilities. the wisconsin are out of the west. facilities along the coast. with any radiation that would move offshore not affecting the people who live along the coast. this is going to change by the time we get to wednesday. northeast wind to cause
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problems we deal with the snow and the northeast wind. it will be brief. after that, it will move out of the northwest for them. >> shannon: thank you for the update. we'll check back. al-qaeda released new video encouraging libyan rebels to overthrow muammar gaddafi and establish islamic rule in the country. there are television reports that gaddafi military has taken back control of key oil town. leland vittert has the latest. >> this is not safe for us to head to the front line area because we cannot help with the rebels to stay or fight. this will push across the eastern part of the councilmember. they are taking back 60 to 80 miles of ground, unbelievable siege for a military force to move. today they overtook the town of greka the last rebel stronghold where it seemed
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like they mounted a defense. they had high ground and had what could have been dug in position. but without any real discipline or command and control, it just broke down in brega. the rebels ran back. it has a hold over the entrance to the country. road to bengazi and tebrook. that is a key strategic point for gaddafi to take back. the rebels seem disorganized. a couple of weeks ago the rebels seem drunk on bravado. they didn't want help they'd do it alone and march to tripoli. now they are yelling where are the united states, where is obama and where is our no-fly zone? the rebels are figuring out late in gim that overthrowing a dictator that ruled with iron fist for 41 years is harder than they thought it
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would be. from the ground, perspective that no fly zone would make a material difference in how quickly gaddafi could retake the country is a little bit week ago view of the world and situation. gaddafi's ground forces are overtaking here quickly. back to you. >> shannon: thank you. for weeks, antigovernment riots erupted in bahrain. today they fired tear gas an rubber bullets on protesters who blocked traffic on the main highway. it comes a day after defense secretary robert gates made a trip to the country to bring in democratic reform. worries about the japan nuclear facilities grow, the u.s. experts are saying that plants in the u.s. are safe in disasters like. this is that true? we talk to a man who runs
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>> shannon: new video is coming in fox news by the minute of the unimaginable damage in japan. video like this of the tsunami smashing in to boats and cars as it rolled in. we have information coming in as well. right now, we know from the united nations that 380 people have been evacuated from the area that were hardest hit. 2 million people do not have elacktricity. three million are running out of gas. 69 countries offered japan support, including the united states. two search and rescue arrived from united states to help those affecting by the cake. doug mckelway has the latest on the assistance. >> the u.s. is providing support that the carrier uss reagan and report ships are on site. the helicopter and other military conducted 20 missions
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providing humanitarian supplies. two search and rescue teams arrived in japan. they're among the rescue teams from ten countries. japan's ambassador has expressed thanks for the helm. >> the government, the organization, ngo helping, and the u.s. red cross is extending their hand. if the american people would like to help us get in touch with those red cross and ngos, we are gratified for that. >> the u.s. is providing support if the pressing issue at hand, the threat of nuclear meltdown. expertise in boiling water nuclear reactors have been deployed to japan as a
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u.s. a.i .d. team they have been up and running on 24-hour basis to provide any expertise needed. it is important to remember that it's not a third world councilmember and has huge infrastructure that is intact and functioning. the country as a whole is capable to help itself in many respects as much as it welcomes the international assistance. it also has the biggest building code. there are videos of rocking back and forth but not caving in. it may largely be a recovery and not rescue. >> shannon: amazing engineering on display. >> truly. >> thank you, doug. >> at this hour, nuclear operators in japan are trying to avoid a nuclear meltdown. joining us on the phone to discuss dangers by the radiation is ray golden,
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senior manager for the tennessee value authority. thank you for joining us today. >> my pleasure. >> shannon: from what you know about the situation in japan, explain what is playing out there. >> this this this is a fluid situation. events are ongoing. from second or third report, there may have been releases of radioactive material in the environment but the good news they may have been filtered so they went through a carbon filters to trap a lot of the radioactive material before it's released. released from a very high elevation and will rapidly mix with the ambient air so it will become less radioactive. they want to remember time, distance and shield. you want to minimize your time around any radioactive source. maximize your distance. shield yourself. if there was release of radiation, better to be indoors than outdoors.
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if there was a multistory building better to be on the first floor. but the important thing right now again i can't stress enough is the second and third hand reports are primary containment build that has the impact so even if there is a damage to the nuclear fuel it for the most part is contained in there. if there are releases, small fraction of the overall radioactive material. >> shannon: of course, as we watch and wait and hope for the folks over there, it raises questions about the nuclear facilities we have here in the u.s. how are they built to make sure they can withstand something like that? is it possible? >> it's not conclusion from the u.s. plant design and u.s. plant design but the industry is watching this closely and we'll offer advice and counsel we can. we are a global industry. this will be evaluated to the "nth" degree and i assure if
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there are lessoned learned they will be adapted worldwide. >> shannon: for plants constructed in the u.s., how do you plan for these things? what kind of upgrade or specific engineering can you provide to make sure we're as ready as we can be? >> there are a few things that go on. this is not just the utility. state and county and local residents that involves, in some cases moving school children. in addition, from engineering stand point, we would look primarily for the lead of the nuclear regulatory commission. u.s. regulator. they are constantly looking at new seismic operation. if there is anything that comes to light for greater risk, we will evaluate that to make a determination. clearly, you know, there are engineering capabilities,
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whether it's another diesel generator or some additional pump. it could be it can be added to the system. >> as you were giving us a great example, we are getting report about another plant in japan. i don't think we heard it referenceed before. a cooling system pump stopped at the toki nuclear power plant according to the news agencies there citing the officials. can you explain what it may mean? if a cooling system is stopped at the plant? >> they is pumps and then backup pumps. a lot of them rely on electricity and others rely on steam. i can't speak to what may be going on. if you lose ability to put water in the reactor then the water in the reactor will heat up. over time, it would be hours if not days, no other water
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could get in. the emphasis is this is in design of the plant that should hold in the radioactive material in the containment building. >> this look like there is a miraculous containment there. thank you for explaining it. appreciate your time. >> pleasanton. >> shannon: as japan deals with the crisis we have new video of floodwaters at home driving people out of their homes in northern new jersey. live report on the floods up next. a man's home explodes. destroyed in seconds. find out what happened next.
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>> shannon: this is fox news alert. countries around the globe are sending search teams to help
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in japan. they have an almost mindboggling task because of the scope of the destruction. right now, according to the united nations situation report, just in the city of sendai, the government says 2,500 buildings are completely destroyed, almost 12,000 are damaged. 5,000 homes are under water. some of the country's infrastructure has been destroyed as well. all of this has a threat of the nuclear meltdown looms. u.s. nuclear experts are stepping in to help. peter doocy has more on that and other top stories. >> two officials from the u.s. nuclear regulatory commission are headed to ja on the to help with the nuclear reactors. they have been trying to help the japanese counterpart allen dar what is going on. iran set a date for the second hearing in the industrial of three u.s. hikers arrested in 2009 along the iraq border.
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the trial for sarah shourd, haley shane bauer and josh fattal started in february. the new york state police say they could be preparing a criminal investigation in the bus crash that killed 14 people. eight of those who survived the crash are still in critical condition. a police officer is dead after what appears to be an excellent in a new york city subway. an officer was shot following a confrontation between police and a knife-wielding man. the suspect was also killed. those are the top stories right now. back to you. >> shannon: thank you very much. japan's prime minister is calling the crisis in his country the most severe challenge the people faced since world war ii. this comes as they were to prevent meltdown at several nuclear reactors. piper jaffray has the latest. hello, david.
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>> the nuclear crisis is escalating. we'll start first with fukushima. we have been monitoring this for 24 hours and explosion there and there are fears of another explosion at another reactor. they are fighting now to try to cull two reactors, just the one plant. also there are concerns of overheating reactors and they have declare and emergency. now back at fukushima two, this is a plant nearby. they understand there are nuclear reactors. they are trying to pump coolant to stop the nuclear reactors from melting down in the last few minutes,
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japanese tv has been issuing instruction for anyone in the 12-mile radius to get people out. if they are still there, they have to close doors on their homes, wear long sleeve shirts to stop radiation problem if there is a release. this is going on and there is a huge rescue operation underway. trying to help survivors from the earthquake and tsunami. back to you. >> shannon: david piper with the latest in tokyo. thank you. they increased the magnitude of the earthquake at 9.0. they say it was a rare earthquake. how does this happen? is it possible to predict where an earthquake will strike next? joining us is university of california davis professor and co-founder of the open hazard group. thank you for joining us. >> sure. >> shannon: to expert like you, i would imagine this
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quake may not the magnitude but the location is not a surprise. >> not a surprise. it happened in the japan transform area. i want too make a point. one of the previous prime minister said that this is the greatest challenge facing japan since world war ii. unfortunately they will face more challenge. for every magnitude like 9 earthquake there will be typically, there is one magnitude -- an aftershock with a magnitude less, so in this case would be an 8. ten earthquakes of magnitude 7 in this case. we have only had one magnitude seven aftershock so we should expect additional nine magnitude 7 and one magnitude 8, unfortunately. the problem is the aftershocks are migrating toward tokyo from the central area. i wouldn't surprised to see large earthquake hit tokyo in the near future. if you look historically of
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what happened in 1854, they had earthquakes that were occurring 36 hours apart. there were two 8.0 earthquakes that occurred in southwest japan separated by two years so going forward from this earthquake, in the next couple of years, we wouldn't at all surprised to see huge earthquake hit the area again. >> shannon: some reports i've seen said the aftershocks will continue for days and weeks and months and you say up to two years? >> and longer. >> shannon: professor rundell from university of california davis, thank you for your expertise. floodwaters are driving people from their homes in the northeast in the u.s., but there could be relief on the way. julie banderas will give us the latest. hi, julie.
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>> a state in emergency is in effect though we are told waters are receding. last night, in little falls new jersey, one of the hardest hit area in northern new jersey got four feet above flood stage. that is 12 feet deep for the river. the river basen has overflowed in the neighborhood. it says the authorities are saying the water won't recede until monday morning or evening. so the residents won't be back in their home until midweek they were displaced last thursday and friday. stressful time for a lot of folks who apparently some of the homes evacuate at the last minute. if you look behind me, a car has the water up to the windows. among the hardest towns hit, patterson, little falls. the roads are flooded in the
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week. we have aerial video to show you. hundreds of homes are inundated with water. the river is expected to drop in a couple of days. patterson, 1,500 residents are expected to be evacuated today. some five or six different firefighters, strucks and boats are out there trying to help those stuck in the water and didn't see the warning. the current is running through the street. >> shannon: wow. what a situation there. thank you for the update. >> sure. >> shannon: a missouri man is luckion be alive after explosion leveled his home, spreading debris for blocks. this happened saturday morning. a 59-year-old man lived here with three cats and made it out with minor injuries. that is all that is left of his home. fire officials are investigating the cause. the man's family said he made his own fireworks and stored some in the basement. concerned americans are
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waiting for word on their lives ones across japan. casey stegall has more. >> in this neighborhood in l.a., pulling together to raise money for quake and victims. reaction from the community coming your way next. ♪ [ upbeat instrumental ] [ rattling ] [ gasps ] [ rattling ] [ laughing ] [ announcer ] close enough just isn't good enough. - if your car is in an accident, - [ laughing continu ] make sure it's repaired with the right replacement parts. take the scary out of life with travelers. call or click now for an agent or quote. ♪ 100 ways to enjoy pringles. ♪
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>> shannon: take a look at the satellite images we want to show you. showing you what two japanese coastal cities looked like before and after the earthquake and tsunami. stunning images to show how powerful the natural disaster is. the quake was the fifth strongest on record and shifted the island nation a few feet. many americans are returning home to the u.s. following japan's devastating earthquake. one american woman reunited with her family in stroy this weekend was on japan on business. we was in the top floors of a hotel when it struck.
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>> we ran to the park where there was no building or opportunity for something to topple on us. it's all we knew to do. stayed out as quick as as we can. >> shannon: the state department issued a warning sunday advising americans to avoid any travel to japan for now. the rising death toll is causing anxiety for many in the japanese-american community waiting to hear from the loved ones in japan. casey stegall is following that part of the story from the little tokyo neighborhood of los angeles. >> a lot of them do live here in sounds california. 00,000 japanese-americans call this area home. largeest in the nation. little tokyo behind me in downtown l.a., a bustling district filled with shops, business and restaurants. news of the devastating quake and tsunami swept through this neighborhood. and they have already mobilized. organizing concerts and
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fundraisers to send much-needed relief in the region. many of the people here are anxious they're glued to the television watching coverage. of them have family living in japan and have been trying to get ahold of them the last several days. crippled communication made that an arduous task. >> the first thought i had is how is my family. we haven't been able to get in contact with anyone. >> so the horrible waiting game continues for a lot of people here. many are turning to the internet using social networking site and google and the american red cross set up sites to try to locate family members an track them no doubt a big cloud of uncertainty over little tokyo in downtown l.a. so sad. >> very worried folks there. thank you.
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president obama began his presidency with a promise to close the military prison at guantanamo bay. it's still open. do the prisoners there live in more comfort than our troops? we talk to a congressman that just returned from gitmo to get his first-hand impressions coming up. jpmorgan chase set up new offices to work one-on-one with homeowners. since 2009, we've helped over 250,000 americans keep their homes. and we're reaching out to small businesses too, lending them more than $10 billion last year. we're also giving businesses the opportunity to ask for a second review if they feel their loan should have been approved. this is how recoveries happen. everyone doing their part. this is the way forward.
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>> shannon: stunning new amateur video from japan showing the relentless power of the tsunami that hit the nation. you can see it's just overwhelming the embankment wall. japanese troops rescued a man clinging to the roof of his house ten miles in from the shore. >> president obama began his administration with a promise to close guantanamo bay detention camp and bring detainees to trial in the u.s. civilian court. the prison is still open and housing 172 detainees, including key suspect in the september 11 attacks. florida congressman allen west, also retired army lieutenant colonel returned from guantanamo bay and joins us to give us a firsthand account. thank you for your time today. >> thank you for having me. how are you doing?
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>> very good. i want to ask you, did you have expectations and what did you see? >> having a career in the military, you have friends that serve there and senior officers that i knew. so you have a sense of what is happening on guantanamo bay, this gave me how to bring it to assessment. the men and women are just doing incredible job. in the face of stressful conditions. feces thrown on the military and verbal abuse of the soldiers and verbal assault the female soldiers are having to withstand are unconscionable. >> shannon: a lot of critics are upset about the detainees being held there, say manage have not been charged. this is a difficult situation
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how to classify the folks and how to treat them. how do you balance complaint against what you saw and what you experienced? >> first, a lot of file footage that you are seeing on the news are the old camp. the new state-of-the-art facilities do quite well. the fact you have the detainees with the 21 satellite tv channels and the play station three and food in abundance that is unimaginable. i visited a wing and i went in the room. they have the best medical condition as well. on the 21st century battlefield are these criminals or enemy combatants? if they are enemy combatant are they lawful or unlawful? a great example, the gentleman that shot four airmen at frankfurt, germany, do we classify him as criminal and charge him as a crime or see him as unlawful enemy
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combatable, non-state and not openly care and the geneva convention states they are not entitled to rights. but we are providing them the best possible treatment under the sun. >> shannon: what do you make of the trial that we saw pivot after a two-year ban for sending cases for the tribal system. what do you make of the administration latest position? >> i think the reality set in for the obama administration. ill would do the president good to take the opportunity to visit guantanamo bay. he is the commander-in-chief and he should see the men and women and incredible job they're doing. i stood in the state-of-the-art courtroom facility completed in 2004 and only used for seven days.
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it's a secure facility as well. if we are going to have trials, they should be conducted in guantanamo. when i saw the 15 somali priorities brought to norfolk i recognize there we are on the wrong track, because those are unlawful enemy combatants executed for american citizens. they are basically islamist terrorists and they should be resignedsigned in guantanamo ba. >> shannon: congressman, thank you for your time. >> thank you for having me. >> shannon: the patriot act is stirring up debate as part of it comes up for renewal. we talk to top leaders from the bush administration warn that the changes posed to the patriot act could hurt the war on terror. you will hear from them up next. what can you do with plain white rice? when you pour chunky sirloin burger soup over it,
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>> shannon: many people want to help the victims of the earthquake and southbound tsunami but threw a few things to keep in mind. better business bureau says be caulkers. check it out first and go to the website to make sure the charity is legit. to learn more head to foxnews.com and click on how you can help link on the home page.
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i'm shannon bream in washington. the world watchessener vowsly as the crisis in japan escalates. workers are fighting to cool down multiple reactors as word of another nuclear plant in trouble. the crisis is compounding the misery of millions of japanese are without food, shelter or water. we have live team coverage from japan, around the world and back to the u.s. we have the latest on the nuclear crisis. hi, david. >> reporter: yes, the nuclear crisis is escalating here at this hour. three nuclear plants, there is workers working frantically at this time, trying to make sure there is no nuclear meltdown. let's start first it he fukushima one plant.
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we've been focusing on that the last 24 hours because that's where an explosion took place. we understand that two nuclear reactors in trouble still, pumping sea water into them to cool down the reactor and stop any meltdown. a government minister said there is a high likelihood there has been a partial meltdown in one of those reactors already. also, at another nuclear plant, onagawa, another emergency situation that is under control at this time but a new problem at fukushima 2, a nuclear plant next to fukushima 1 and three of the nuclear reactors there seem to be overheating and they're trying to get that situation under control. also, japanese tv is now broadcasting warnings to the japanese public who are still within the 12-mile radius around
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the fukushima plant, in they haven't got out already, over 200,000 people have been brought out. if they're still there they're urged to stay in their homes, wear long sleeve clothes and wet cloth over their faces. if you go outside and come back in, you must take your clothes off and put them in a plastic bag. my japanese colleagues are saying that this is unprecedented. these warnings have never been given before. so japan is taking this situation very seriously at this time, shannon. >> shannon: david piper, thank you very much. there's a lot of changing information coming up out of japan about the crisis. here's what we know,s japanese meteorological agency upgraded the magnitude of friday's quake to 9.0, thousands have been confirmed dead. more than 170,000 people have been evacuated from areas in
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japan affected by the earthquake and tsunami. 1.4 million households in the area are without water. 2.5 million homes don't have electricity. the state department have vices u.s. citizens to stay out of japan. a travel alert was issued urging all nonessential u.s. personnel to defer travel plans. americans should avoid tourism and other unnecessary visits. u.s. has a number of government personnel on the ground to cope with the aftermath of the quake. we have more on the u.s. response to the crisis. >> good afternoon. by this morning the carrier uss reagan and support ships and other u.s. military personnel conducted 20 missions provided humanitarian supplies. the p3 aircraft are looking for things like this. this man found ten miles out to
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sea cling to go his roof. he had run back to his house to retrieve belongings when the tsunami hit. upon his rescue by a japanese navy ship he broke down and cried. his wife remains missing. in addition to military help the u.s. is providing humanitarian aid. the red cross, two search and rescue teams have arrived in japan and are awaiting deployment in the next couple of hours to the quake zone. they are among rescue teams sent from ten different countries. speaking on cnn, japanese's ambassador expressed his gratitude for all the help. >> not only the government, a lot of international organizations or ngo's are helping. red cross is -- u.s. red cross is extending their hand. if the american people would like to help us, please get in touch with those red cross and
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ngo's and we are very gratified. >> the u.s. is also providing support for the most pressing issue, the threat of a nuclear meltdown. two u.s. officials from the u.s. nuclear regulatory commission with expertise in nuclear reactor deployed to japanese as part of a u.s. aid team. the operations center is operating on a 24-hour basis providing any expertise needed. despite the scope of the disaster, japanese is not a third world country and has a huge and sophisticated infrastructure and capabilities that remain intact and functioning. the country is capable of helping itself in many respects as much as it welcomes the assistance. the building codes have proved their worth, videos of highrise buildings swaying before back ah
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but not caving in. in many respects that work may be largely of recovery and not of rescue. >> shannon: as much as we see the pictures, it's hard to imagine it would be worse. >> reporter: without the codes, absolutely. >> shannon: threats of a nuclear meltdown have scientists take notice and wondering if it could impact the u.s. i talked would chris wallace about his take. as the world with watching japan waiting to see what happs with the nuclear facilitieses, you had a guest this morning that says what happens there has a potential to impact the west coast. >> yes, joseph talked about -- there are several ifs but if we get a meltdown and radiation leak, while an if, it's not outside the realm of possibility. they're talking about partial
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meltdown. it could have a leak that would go in the case chernobyl, hundreds of thousands of miles. the entire northern help meme fr was effected in 1986. i believe it's the fact that it's the further you get away, the less dangerous the leak is. i was in the northern hemisphere and i don't think i have radio activity from 1986. i'm not sure it would have a lethal effect but the radiation could come cross the pacific ocean. >> we send our thoughts and prayers to the people in the nearest area of trouble. there are a lot of discussions about what it means for the future of nuclear power in the u.s. >> absolutely. we talked about that with mitch mcconnell. it's interesting because in the past, nuclear power has been a pro republican issue and the democrats are very much opposed
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but in the last couple of years as they have tried to find alternatives to greenhouse gas emission they have embraced it. in fact president obama had $36 billion in loan credits to build nuclear power plants in his 2012 budget. both sides were behind this. mcconnell raised concerns but said understandablied the worst time to make national policy is in the middle and two days into a crisis. having said that, when i said to him i would think a lot of neighborhood where things have been built are not going to be so interested. he agreed that obviously you get that nimby, no the in my backyard syndrome that caused a more tropical moratorium for 30. it could have a serious impact on a industry that seemed to be taking off. >> shannon: chris, thank you very much for the preview.
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>> remember you can catch all of chris's interviews with senate minority leader mitch mcconnell and mark warner and chambliss saxby. >> the massive earthquake in japan appears to have moved the country by eight feet. look at these satellite images that show japan's coastline. the national constitute of geo physics says it shifted the planet near four inches. before and after images that show the devastation. that one is a neighborhood of homes almost completely all destroyed. another one shows extensive damage at the airport in sendai, close to the earthquake's epicenter. a before and after look at the nuclear reactor where officials fear further devastation from a nuclear meltdown. >> let's look at how the weather could affect the situation.
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let's check in with rick reichmuth. >> the first two days so crucial for all the rescue and recovery missions going on right now. pretty good weather at least on sunday and monday the same story. lower 60s, plenty of sunshine. overnight lows are cruel, around freezing. but notice tuesday, 49, wednesday 42. by wednesday we could see snow flying there to getting colder. the other thing that everybody is watching is if any radiation is leaking from the plants is the wind direction which makes a difference. here are the plants across the eastern shores for the last couple of days, the wind has been out of the southwest or west and that's good news. it pulls anything away from the population areas. this changes on wednesday. wind come out of the northeast. that would push that back towards the land, not good news but briefly on wednesday and then shifts out of the
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northwest. >> shannon: thank you very much. how many nuclear reactors are there spread across japanese and other countries? we'll look at facilities around the world and what potential threats they could pose. that's up next. ♪ when it's planes in the sky ♪ ♪ for a chain of supply, that's logistics ♪ ♪ when the parts for the line ♪ ♪ come precisely on time ♪ that's logistics ♪ ♪ a continuous link, that is always in sync ♪ ♪ that's logistics ♪ ♪ there will be no more stress ♪ ♪ cause you've called ups, that's logistics ♪
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>> shannon: with the threat of multiple meltdowns looming in japan, theories context. japanese has a total of 55 reactorrers in 17 complexes nationwide that provide 20% of the country's electricity. japan has declared a state of emergency at another plant. radio activity at the own go portland is being investigatedded. >> with no power, authorities have resorted to injecting sea water into it to cool it down. just as they had to do yesterday to unit 1. a completely meltdown would occur if the power plant lost all ability to keep temperatures under control and release uranium and contaminants and pose widespread health risks. we're keeping an eye on it.
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these are photos of the fukushima power plant taken before and after the earthquake. the damaged building is unit or reactor 1. this is what it looked like after a hydrogen explosion yesterday blew the roof off. that's not the picture there. that report in just a minute. the crisis in japanese has people wondering how do nuclear power plants work. that's where peter doocy comes in. >> experts say on a scale of 1 to 7, the situation with japan's nuclear reactors is a 4. they describe it as an accident with local consequences. but it has the potential to deteriorate to an event as bad as chernobyl. this is how the international atomic energy agency breaks down the events. a 1 is an anomaly. a 7, chernobyl. 5, three mile island. the worst nuclear power plant accident in history and that's the next step if the situation gets much worse.
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>> the worst case scenario is the fuel rods fuse together, the temperatures go hot and melt together into a radioactive molten mass that bursts through the containment and is exposed to the outside. so there's radio activity in the ground, air and water and some of that could carry in the atmosphere to the west coast of the united states. >> the united states has nuclear reactors and earthquakes but the u.s. nuclear nuclear regulatory commission say when nuclear power plants are built they take into account the severe natural disasters for the site. jack spencer told my aside from our strict regulations, midwestern industries have so much invested they would not let their guard down and what's happening in japan is not likely to ever happen here.
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>> shannon: good news. thank you. >> medical experts are monitoring the damage in japan to assess the extent of possible health risks to residents. we're joined on the phone by dr. manny alvarez. part of the meld a team. thank you for taking out part of your sunday to join us. >> thank you. >> let me ask you, so much is unknown. we don't know the long-time impact but you have to consider the possibility of radiation and with a what it means to people living around the nuclear power plants in japanese. what are the first signs or symptoms to watch for if they're having trouble from radiation? >> everybody has to understand all radiation is not created equal. right now the radiation that's coming out of those plants mostly, from the data i've gathered, is basically nitrogen 16 and hydrogen which is
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contaminated water utilized to cool down the core. the good news about that is that that kind of radioactivity has a small half life. hydrogen or tritium, the radioactive hydrogen, hardly penetrates the skin. so that kind of radiation only affects the rescue workers and workers at the plant. of course they're taking proper precaution. if there was to be a meltdown you're talking about different things. meltdown, the fission that occurs in a meltdown and the radiation comes out of the core, basically talking about two types of radiation, one is radioactive aye iodine and the japanese government has taken precautions in giving out potassium tablets and they're oversaturating the thyroid glands so if the radioactive
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iodine were released it would not be taken up by the thyroid gland. once you intake radioactive iodine into your system, you have total destruction of your thyroid gland and get thyroid cancer. this is a devastating problem, especially for women who are pregnant, children, this is a very big problem. the big ticket item is cesium, which is the main type of radiation that gets embedded and it's incredibly difficult to clean up because it's a potent type of radioactive particle that has a very long half life. it takes decades to clear. and it's very talk i can -- toxic to the body because it gets embedded in cells. it leads to leukemia and cancer and things like that. so that's the really
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environmental impact we're keeping an eye on. to this day, decades later, this is the main con dominant around chernobyl and why they have still not been able to clean it up. >> shannon: thank you so much for lending your expertise to better understand this. >> you got it. >> shannon: all right, we've got breaking news to bring you. we're getting word from the state department pj crowley, the spokesman for the state department or did in recently resigned. you may remember there was a situation that bubble up on friday when we learned about comments he made about private bradley manning, accused of feeding information to the wikileaks website that compromised the u.s. government. the comments he -- after the fact, he said that in recent days he thought the treatment of private manning was, quote, ridiculous and counter-productive and stupid because there have been questions about how private manning was treated as he's been held. it looks like those comments are contributing to what we know as
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his resignation. james rosen is joining us on the phone to lend us more context. >> reporter: yes, of course this incident is central to why pj crowley resigned but it's not the own one. during the egyptian revolution, the early days, you may recall then press my bark announced he was appoint omar suleman as vice president and appoint a prime minister. president obama spoke on television that night and welcomed this only cooley. p.j. crowley tweeted early the next morning it couldn't be enough for hosni mubarak to shuffle the deck. it was sharp criticism and i'm told it was not approved by the white house communications team
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and they did not approve of p.j. crowling tweeting that remark. i think together, that incident, the manning incident, contributed to a sense on the part of secretary clinton and her inner circle they needed a replacement in that position. >> shannon: it is a very high profile position to be communicating what may be state policy for the u.s. where do they go from here? close the chapter and start fresh? >> they're going to need a new assistant secretary of state, a position that has to be can confirmed by the senate. it's secretary of state for public affairs. it's believed mike hammer, who was on the nsc staff in the white house under president obama will be nominated to succeed mr. crowley. we await further word officially. and they -- in essence, this marks the the departure of a
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spokesman for the agency two years into the presidential term. it wouldn't be unusual but for the fact we know it to be associated with gaffes on pj's part. >> shannon: james rosen helping us confirm and react to the news pj crowley resigned. thank you very much. of course we're hearing from secretary of state hillary clinton joining us on this announcement saying p.j. served the nation with distinction more than three decades but she's accepted his resignation. >> libya reports qaddafi loyalist took over a key oil town. steve is live in tripoli with the latest, hi, steve. >> looks like more gains for government forces loyal to colonel qaddafi in the east, now state television claiming they've taken the city of brega. it's been hit the past 24 hours by assaults from the air as well as tanks and missiles, even navy assaults. the rebels, after taking half of the coastline one week ago,
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managed to steadily retreat leaving the city and according to government tv, leaving brega as well. often abandoning weapons in the field. as colonel qaddafi wins on the battlefield, the regime is becoming isolated internationally. tomorrow secretary of state hillary clinton will meet in paris with representatives of the rebels and just yesterday the 22 nation arab league denounced the regime and called for a no-fly zone. western powers have been hesitant about no-fly zone expresses concerns about being dragged into a civil war in north africa. >> shannon: steve, thank you very much. live from tripoli. the u.s. geological survey says the friday earthquake moved the location of the country of japanese by eight feet. what causes an earthquake and what do we know about how tsunamis are triggered.
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nuclear experts from around the world are on the ground to help in japan. peter doocy is standing by with that story and your other top stories. >> reporter: two officials from the u.s. nuclear regulatory commission are headed to japan to help with that damaged -- with the damaged nuclear reactors. the nrc has been examining all information on the situation to try to help their japanese counter-parts. iran set a date for a second hearing in the trial of three u.s. hikers arrested in 2009. the trial for three began in february. they have been accused of spying
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and illegally entering the country. new york state police are investigating the account of the tour bus driver in the crash in new york yesterday. the driver told police he swerved to miss a tractor-trailer but witnesses say he was speeding. a police officers is dead after what appears to be an accident in the new york city suburb. the officer was accidentally shot following a confrontation between police and a knife-wielding man. the suspect was also killed. those are the top stories right now. >> shannon: thank you very much. we're just getting word of a helicopter crash in l.a., it has crashed into a building. we don't know if it was medical or commercial, or what kind of mission it was on. we don't know about possible casualties but we've just gotten word a chopper has crashed into a building in los angeles and we'll keep you updated as we learn more about the situation,
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who was involved and what injuries there may be and anything else we can find out about the situation. the threat of a nuclear disaster is growing in japan, compounding the suffering of the people dealing with deaths of loved ones and destruction of their lives as they knew them. greg is live north of tokyo and brings us the latest. >> reporter: we're in the fishing village of northeastern japan and people throughout the region are looking at what is a triple threat. the aftermath of the deadly earthquake last friday and the even more deadly tsunami which followed that and now a nuclear threat. just up the coast from where we are now. today, another nuclear reactor in the complex had a radioactive leak and the authorities had to move fast to cool down the core that was close to melting down
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or maybe exhibiting a partial meltdown. authorities say they're in control but more and more people are skeptical about the government's ability to deal with a growing problem on that front. the death toll rose, one official in one region -- well, yesterday he said 10,000 were missing, now he says he thinks 10,000 people are dead just in his region alone. survivors are dealing with shortages. 2 million are without power. there's no water and shortages of food and on a cold night like tonight you feel that badly. relief efforts are trying to compensate, the japanese defense department today announced 100,000 soldiers will be deployed to help the people in this region. 50 countries are involved in relief and rescue, including the united states announcing today
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20 helicopter runs, relief aide, was brought from an aircraft carrier off the coast to this region. prime minister of japanese saying today that determination is required by the people of this village and throughout the region. that will be tested for sure. >> shannon: greg, thank you very much. japanese is reeling from the massive quake this hit friday. joining us to explain is james whitcomb who has studied earthquakes and works at the national science foundation. i read one account yesterday that talked about giving us a footprint of the quake saying it was 150 miles long and 50 miles wide. that sounds enormous. can you give us context? >> yeah, this kind of earthquake, these giant earthquakes only happen in areas
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with sub -- dunst zones. the ocean plate, the upper surface can be the fault surface and the size of the earthquake is a -- the surface slipped over hundreds of miles. that's a direct measure of the size of the earthquake. >> shannon: because it was under the ocean floor, the epicenter, we had the resulting tsunami and there's been so much made of the engineering and how successful it is as voiding most of the damage but do we have any way to brace for this kind of tsunami? >> yeah. there's a number of things you can do to prevent destruction from tsunamis. one is to set up warning systems so people on the coastlines in the path of the tsunami can go to high ground. japan is one of the leaders in preparing for earthquakes soons.
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the thing that surprised the people in japanese was the size of the earthquake, how big the tsunami was. some were thinking that part of the zone only had moderately large earthquakes, not the great earthquakes like that one. >> shannon: their meteorological association putting it at 9-point the worst we estimate from their history. the resulting tsunami is doing much more damage, affecting villages and people that may not have had warning. can we learn from that that may prevent future tragedies? >> certainly we can learn many lessons. the japanese are advanced in terms of preparation and earthquake engineering. strengthening buildings to earthquake resistant and other structures. so we at the national science foundation are preparing now to field teams of researchers to go
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to japan to work with them to find out what needs to be improved and what worked well. without that, there would have been much more damage and lives lost. >> shannon: what can we do to predict quakes in the future? do we have the science to do that effectively? >> depends how you define earthquake prediction. in terms of predicting the exact time of an earthquake, say a kay day before, that may never happen but we're making advances in science about predicting where large earthquakes occur. one of the ways to do it is by revolutionary techniqu of using space positions that is positions points on the earthquake to the accuracy where we can measure the stress built up in the area of the earthquake. the stress has to be relieved by earthquakes. >> shannon: james whit come.
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thank you so much. >> we told us there's been a chopper crash in los angeles. we're getting more information, this is a shot of the area where it happened. we know the chopper crashed into a rate onspace. it was lifting something and crashed into the building. we don't know about injuries. there's a three-alarm fire that's been triggered by the crash. this live view from los angeles, as soon as we know more about this, we'll keep you updated. >> implemented under president obama the controversial patriot act is up for renewal. we'll talk with michael mukaseyy and michael hayden about what they say about renewing and not renewing parts of the act. what it's going to do as far as national security. could we be at risk. that's coming up.
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>> shannon: here on capitol hill it's up to the house and senate to decide whether or not to extend three provisions of the patriot act. former u.s. attorney general michael mukasey and michael hayden said last week not extending provisions would put our country safety in jeopardy. general hayden and judge mukasey join us live to discuss this. >> judge, i want to start with you. there are a lot of myths about the patriot act. which do you find the most frustrating? >> the most you from the traiting is the kind that -- frustrating is the kind that suggest there's something new or unwarranted that invades or privacy. the authorities involved are roving wiretaps used in narcotic cases for years. also involves necessary intelligence gathering authorities that are overseen by
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the supervisors of intelligence agencies and the justice department by the inspector general. there's nothing knew or novel. >> chris: as former director of the c.i.a. you must have seen this in practice. how important has it been in the last ten years and how important are these provisions moving forward? >> the most puzzling thing is this is contentionous now. the threats the patriot act is designed to protect us against are the kind of administration describes as the most likely threats against the united states. you lone wolf, ral cal individual legally in the country or a citizen of the united states. these are the kinds of tools we need to deal with that threat. >> critics on the left and right come after the patriot act from an issue of privacy concerns and you hear people talking about i don't want somebody reading my
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emails or listening to phone calls. how much is fact versus fiction. >> the of two you mentioned, zero. there's no authority here either to listen to telephone calls or read emails. the only authority in here that's at all -- that relates to telephone calls is the authority to once you get a wiretap with a proper showing, to be able to switch when a terrorist uses another he cell phone, throws away one and picks up another as we've been doing with drug dealers for 15 years. the authority to switch cell phones without another authorization. there's no authority other than that to listen to calls. there's authority to keep track of incoming calls and outgoing calls, simply the numbers called and calling in. but the telephone company has that information. same is true of business records, these are records already in the hands of a
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business. they're simply requested for intelligence purposes by the government. to there's no issue of privacy. no legitimate issue of privacy. >> under current provisions what does it take to get the wiretap you referenced? >> under current -- it requires a showing that you're dealing with an agent of a foreign power, which is to say the investigation involves either a foreigner or a terrorist threat. and you have to -- in order to get the wiretap you have to make a showing in front of the fisa court of reason to believe you're going to get information that's useful. that can't be done without authorization from a court in advance. >> general, what most concerns you about how this is playing out on capitol hill? >> additional provisions are put on the act, so even if we get an extension and some go forward, it will be harder for the national security branches of
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government to do these things. you have to keep in mind, bureaucracy and national security tends to be conservative. if they see signals from policy and political leadership of increased oversight making this more difficult to do, they'll play back from that line. that's not a good thing. but it's a natural behavior of. we stand a good chance of ending up pre-9/11 with a law that perhaps wasn't demanded by law but the cultures created because of the same kinds of things, the same kinds of language, that we're now seeing in this debate on the patriot act. >> shannon: we thank you both for your time today. >> thank you. >> thanks for having me. >> shannon: we want to update you on a story out of washington. state department spokesman p.j. crowley has resigned.
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this after cowellly caused a stir after describing the treatment of bradley manning as ridiculous and stupid. those remarks were caught by a blogger who put them on a web. today crowley took responsibility for the remarks saying given their impact it was the right thing to do to step down from his job and secretary of state hillary clinton accepted his resignation. >> president obama promised to give japan whatever help they need. we'll talk about how the u.s. military will be most effective in helping out. that's next.
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>> shannon: more on the breaking news we've been telling you about. this is a chopper crash in los angeles today. here's what we know. this is a live picture. the smoke in the distance we're told is what has happened with the chopper going down in los angeles. we have spoken with folks there in the area on the ground. they say they see the smoke. they're not sure what happened. kttv reports the chopper crashed into a space and airborne system building. the chopper was lifting something and then crashed. no word on injuries or exactly
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what happened but you can see the smoke there from the crash of the chopper. we will continue to update you as soon as we get more information about what happened. within hours of friday's quake, president obama pledged the full support of u.s. military resources and military assets were laundering to help. jack keene joins tows talk about that. >> we think our military is the finest in the world and certainly we have capability to help in disasters like japanese. what kind of efforts do you imagine are under way? what do we have to offer? >> first of all it's what do they need. obviously we have a lot of capacity. it's obvious they need helicopter lift to move people out of the damaged and critical area. we obviously have enormous amount of supplies. they have industrialized country with a huge capacity. we have thousands of marines stationed in japan and
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significant army troops if korea. if they need labor forces that's available but they probably have sufficient troops. >> we want to talk about libya. we've seen the qaddafi forces seem to be reclaiming some of the area or tamping down the rebels in some areas. there's talk of a no-fly zone but concerns about what it would take to actually start that. would we be bombing assets on the ground? what would you the u.s. involvement be? what do you think is appropriate? >> first of all, what's appropriate is what's the policy in regards to libya. what is our interest. what's our intent. the president seems to have stated an intent that he wants qaddafi to go. what is the strategy to assist in that happening? can the people do it themself? it seems unlikely at this point. therefore, what actions could we take to assist in that outcome. one is who are these people we
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want to support. there's an opposition group in go. azi, secretary clinton will meet are with their leadership tomorrow. i assume our c.i.a. assessment team is in libya. things are libya are more tribal than institutional. they're not like egypt in terms of stable institutions. is it realistic in terms of who that's people are and what kind of government do they intend to form. military airlinely. no-fly zone, we would have to take down their air defense system. it's not like the iranians. and it's not like what the iraqis had. we can deal with that. that would mean we have to attack defense systems so no-fly zone is a benign term but
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militarily, the military strategy could be take down air defense systems so we could fly uninhibited in the country to deny them use of air power. right now it looks like, looking from a military perspective, you have advancing ground forces pushing back rebels to are disorganized, lack demand and control and a lot of capability and they're not able to stop the advance of the forces. that something that could be done. we could stop of the advance of forces using air strikes. these are the options the administration has to work their way through. >> shannon: thank you very much. >> you're welcome. >> the automaker and tsunami had -- the earthquake and tsunami had a devastating impact on japan's landscape. "fox business" will bring you the latest tomorrow. more news after this. everyone has someone to go heart healthy for. who's your someone? campbell's healthy request can help.
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